Why the Congress Coalition Failed : Decoding the 2018 Telangana Assembly Elections

The Congress party’s coalition failure in the 2018 Telangana Assembly elections can be attributed to several interrelated factors. These include strategic alliances that backfired, internal party conflicts, and the effective campaign and governance of the Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) led by K. Chandrashekar Rao (KCR). Here’s an in-depth analysis:

1. INC Alliance with TDP Caused Skepticism Among Telangana People

Historical Context:

  • The Congress party formed an alliance with the Telugu Desam Party (TDP), headed by N. Chandrababu Naidu. This move was aimed at consolidating anti-TRS votes but ended up creating skepticism among the electorate.
  • The TDP was historically perceived as an Andhra-centric party that opposed the creation of Telangana. Many Telangana voters viewed this alliance as a betrayal of the statehood movement’s spirit.

Voter Perception:

  • This alliance led to doubts about the Congress party’s commitment to Telangana’s interests. Voters were wary of the TDP’s involvement, which undermined the coalition’s credibility and authenticity.

2. KCR’s Popular Welfare Programs

Flagship Schemes:

  • KCR implemented a series of popular welfare programs that had a substantial impact on the lives of the electorate. Schemes like Rythu Bandhu (financial assistance to farmers), KCR Kits (healthcare for mothers and newborns), and Mission Bhagiratha (drinking water supply) were well-received.
  • These programs directly benefited large segments of the population, especially in rural areas, building a strong support base for the TRS.

Positive Impact:

  • The success and visibility of these welfare initiatives created a favorable image of the TRS government, portraying it as responsive and effective in addressing public needs. This contrasted sharply with the opposition’s fragmented efforts.

3. Lack of a CM Face in Congress Party

Leadership Vacuum:

  • The Congress party did not project a clear Chief Ministerial candidate, which created uncertainty among voters. This lack of a recognizable and charismatic leader weakened the party’s position.
  • In contrast, KCR was a well-established leader with a strong, decisive image. This disparity in leadership clarity worked in favor of the TRS.

Electoral Impact:

  • Voters prefer to know who would lead the government if a party wins. The absence of a clear CM face in the Congress party led to doubts about their governance capability and stability.

4. Internal Politics in Congress Party

Factionalism and Infighting:

  • The Congress party in Telangana was plagued by internal conflicts and factionalism. Different groups within the party were vying for dominance, leading to disunity.
  • This infighting hindered the party’s ability to run a cohesive and effective campaign. It also led to a lack of coordination and strategic focus.

Organizational Weaknesses:

  • The internal divisions weakened the Congress’s organizational structure, making it difficult to mobilize supporters and resources effectively. This lack of unity contrasted with the disciplined and well-organized TRS campaign.

5. Lack of Strategy and Leadership in BJP

Limited Presence:

  • The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) had a limited presence in Telangana. Their organizational strength and voter base were not as robust as in other states.
  • The BJP’s lack of a strong local leadership and strategic focus meant they were not a significant contender, reducing their impact on the overall electoral dynamics.

Strategic Missteps:

  • The BJP’s inability to present a compelling alternative or capitalize on the anti-incumbency sentiment against the TRS also contributed to their weak performance.

6. MIM Unofficial Adjustment with TRS and Consolidation of Minority Vote Bank

Strategic Alliances:

  • The TRS had an unofficial understanding with the All India Majlis-e-Ittehad-ul-Muslimeen (AIMIM), led by Asaduddin Owaisi. This understanding helped TRS consolidate the Muslim vote bank in key constituencies.
  • The AIMIM’s influence in Muslim-majority areas provided the TRS with crucial electoral support.

Minority Vote Consolidation:

  • The support from the Muslim and Christian minorities was significant in several constituencies. The TRS’s ability to secure these votes further solidified their electoral strength.


The failure of the Congress coalition in the 2018 Telangana Assembly elections was the result of a combination of strategic errors, internal conflicts, and the effective governance and campaigning by the TRS. The alliance with the TDP alienated a significant portion of the electorate, while KCR’s popular welfare programs and clear leadership provided a compelling alternative. Additionally, internal factionalism within Congress and the consolidation of the minority vote bank by the TRS through its unofficial adjustment with the AIMIM played crucial roles in the electoral outcome.


  • kalyan chandra

    Kalyan Chandra is a multi-talented professional specializing in public relations, media and communication strategy, political consulting, election campaign management, psephology, marketing, and digital analytics. He focuses on strategic political consulting, offering services that include competitive research, public opinion collection, and digital media management. Kalyan has significantly contributed to successful campaigns across India with his meticulous approach and deep understanding of the political landscape.

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