The Shekawat Doctrine: BJP’s Blueprint for Inclusivity and Strategic Alliances

The Shekawat Doctrine in the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) is a strategic political approach named after Bhairon Singh Shekhawat, a prominent BJP leader and former Vice President of India. This doctrine emphasizes inclusivity, grassroots mobilization, and pragmatic alliances, which have been crucial in expanding the BJP’s political base and strengthening its electoral performance. Below is a detailed explanation of the Shekawat Doctrine and its significance in BJP’s political strategy:

1. Inclusivity and Social Engineering:

  • Bridging Social Divides: The Shekawat Doctrine focuses on bridging social divides by promoting the inclusion of various social groups, particularly marginalized and backward communities. This approach ensures broader representation within the party, thereby attracting a diverse voter base.
  • Caste and Community Outreach: Under this doctrine, the BJP has actively reached out to non-dominant and marginalized castes, such as Dalits, Other Backward Classes (OBCs), and Scheduled Tribes (STs). This strategy involves giving these groups fair participation and shares in ministries, party executive committees, and key organizational roles.

2. Grassroots Mobilization:

  • Strengthening Local Leadership: The doctrine emphasizes the importance of nurturing and empowering local leaders who can effectively connect with the grassroots. These leaders play a crucial role in mobilizing support, addressing local issues, and ensuring the party’s presence at the village and block levels.
  • Booth-Level Management: A key aspect of the Shekawat Doctrine is the meticulous focus on booth-level management. This includes identifying and training booth-level workers, ensuring voter turnout, and addressing local grievances promptly.

3. Pragmatic Alliances:

  • Building Strategic Coalitions: The Shekawat Doctrine advocates for forming strategic alliances with regional parties and influential community leaders. These alliances help in consolidating support and expanding the BJP’s influence in regions where it may not have a strong standalone presence.
  • Flexibility in Alliances: The doctrine promotes a flexible approach to alliances, allowing the BJP to collaborate with parties that share common goals or can contribute significantly to electoral success, even if there are ideological differences.

4. Effective Governance and Development Agenda:

  • Focus on Development: The doctrine underscores the importance of delivering effective governance and focusing on development issues that resonate with the electorate. This includes infrastructure development, social welfare schemes, and economic reforms aimed at improving the quality of life for citizens.
  • Addressing Local Issues: The Shekawat Doctrine encourages addressing local issues and concerns through targeted policies and programs. By responding to the specific needs of different regions and communities, the BJP can build a positive image and gain electoral support.

5. Communication and Propaganda:

  • Robust Communication Strategy: The doctrine emphasizes the need for a robust communication strategy to disseminate the party’s achievements, policies, and vision. This includes leveraging traditional media, social media, and grassroots communication channels.
  • Narrative Building: Building a compelling narrative that aligns with the aspirations and values of the electorate is a key aspect of the Shekawat Doctrine. This involves highlighting the party’s commitment to national security, cultural heritage, and economic progress.

 Case Study: Uttar Pradesh

  • Non-Yadav OBCs and Non-Jatav Dalits: In Uttar Pradesh, the Shekawat Doctrine’s principles were evident in the BJP’s outreach to non-Yadav OBCs and non-Jatav Dalits. By focusing on these groups, which felt marginalized by previous regimes, the BJP was able to secure significant support and win crucial electoral battles.
  • Inclusive Leadership: The inclusion of leaders from diverse social backgrounds in key positions within the state government and party organization helped in creating a sense of representation and ownership among these communities.


The Shekawat Doctrine has played a vital role in the BJP’s electoral success and organizational growth. By emphasizing inclusivity, grassroots mobilization, pragmatic alliances, effective governance, and a strong communication strategy, the doctrine has helped the BJP expand its support base and strengthen its position in Indian politics. The principles of the Shekawat Doctrine continue to influence the party’s strategies and policies, ensuring its relevance and adaptability in the dynamic political landscape of India.


  • kalyan chandra

    Kalyan Chandra is a multi-talented professional specializing in public relations, media and communication strategy, political consulting, election campaign management, psephology, marketing, and digital analytics. He focuses on strategic political consulting, offering services that include competitive research, public opinion collection, and digital media management. Kalyan has significantly contributed to successful campaigns across India with his meticulous approach and deep understanding of the political landscape.

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